The conventional postnasal mirrors. Light is then shine onto it and reflected at desired viewing area of nasopharynx.
View of nasopharynx by using a postnasal mirror.
Currently, postnasal mirror has been superseded by endoscopic examination which offers superb view and well-tolerable by most patients.
This is the view of nasopharynx as seen by using a 70 degree endoscope. The panoramic view is excellent and most of the main structures can be identified. It is a good alternative to transnasal endoscopy and a better tolerated procedure
by most patients.
Hypertrophy of the inferior turbinate tail (IT) in parennial allergic rhinitis.
TT- torus tubarius, black stars- vomerine posterior free border.
IT- tail of inferior turbinate, MT- middle turbinate, yellow star- superior turbinate,
V- vomer, arrows- nasopharyngeal eustachian tube opening.
Salpingo-pharyngeal folds (stars).
The nasopharynx of a patient with cleft palate.
[Star- torus tubarium leading to salpingopharyngeal fold, green arrow-
fossa of Rosenmüller, red arrow- nasopharyngeal eustachian tube opening]
Watch video of nasopharyngeal view as seen by using
transoral nasopharyngoscopy technique @ YouTube
At rest Upon swallowing
Transnasal nasopharyngoscopy showing dorsal aspect of soft palate
upon swallowing. Arrow - nasopharyngeal eustachian tube opening,
TT - torus tubarius, SP - soft palate,
yellow line - course of levator palati,
red line - course of tensor palati.
Video clip of palatal movements upon swallowing.
Transnasal rigid endoscopy view upon initiation (left)
and near completion (right) of velopharyngeal closure.
Transoral 70 degree nasopharyngoscopy in a patient with cleft palate.
Watch video of Passavant's ridge upon velopharyngeal closure @ YouTube