These figures show a whitish and granular right vocal fold mass. It causes dysphonia and compensatory false vocal fold adduction upon phonation.
Right-sided T1 - glottic carcinoma as seen by using transoral 70 degree rigid laryngoscopy technique.
Left-sided T1 - glottic carcinoma as seen by using distal chip flexible nasopharyngolaryngoscopy technique.
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An insidiously developed left subcordal mass (arrow) which yet to be biopsied.
The same patient above having the mass biopsied followed by excision using skimmer blade laryngeal microdebrider (M).
Figure shows a bulky ulcero-fungating right T3-supraglottic carcinoma
during direct laryngoscopy. The true vocal fold was immobile.
Another example of right supraglottic carcinoma of larynx (X) as seen trans-orally by using 70 degree rigid endoscope. (R - right, L - left)
Primary carcinoma of subglottis (+).
Bilateral subglottic carcinoma with anterior commissure involvement. Superior extension causes the right vocal cord to become swollen resulting in glottic narrowing. (LVF - left true vocal fold, RVF - right true vocal fold)
After CO2-laser excision surgery.
Although clinically it looks very suspicious of tumour,
histopathological examination showed a polyp instead.
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Carcinoma invasion seen Debulking of tumour with micro-
below the vocal folds. debrider prior to stent placement
in an inoperable patient.
Basaloid carcinoma presenting with stridor, globus sensation and episodic blood-stained mucous upon coughing. Endoscopic examination showed a locally-advanced supraglottic tumour sandwiching the epiglottis.
Laryngeal endoscopy of the same patient after completion of chemo-radiation. Tracheostomy was perfomed earlier due to stridor caused by tumour obstruction.
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Please note the vocal ligament is still intact.
Further intervention would depends on histopathological findings.
T1 SCC of right true vocal fold. View at completion of surgery.
At rest. Upon phonation.