OtoRhinoLaryngology Portal

The Leading Online Gallery of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery Specialty

OtoRhinoLaryngology Portal Video Collections @

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Laryngeal Endoscopy Using 70 Degree Endoscope


In the following video, a technique of laryngeal examination by using 70 degrees rigid endoscope is shown.  Right vocal fold polyp (arrow) had caused this patient to have hoarse voice, pitch break and fatigue.  (E - epiglottis) 

Vocal Fold Polyp

Vocal fold polyp is a unilateral mass lesion usually arising near its free edge.  It can be sessile or pedunculated.  There might be contralateral vocal fold reactions usually a thickened epithelium which resolves spontaneously upon microsurgical excision of the primary lesion. 

Figure on the left shows a small vocal fold polyp with a thin pedicle

while on the right a multilobular type with a thick and broad pedicle.


Watch video on intraoperative vocal fold polyp assessment @ YouTube

           Large right vocal fold polyp                    Anterior commissure polyp.

     with a thin broad-based attachment.


Right vocal fold polyp with recent subepithelial hemorrhage

secondary to voice overuse.

The view of the same lesion as above during phonation.







Video clip showing a small sessile right vocal fold polyp.



Video clip showing a large right vocal fold polyp with a broad-based pedicle.



Video clip of right vocal fold polyp excision by using cold instruments.


Watch video on avulsion of vocal fold polyp @ YouTube

Bilateral Vocal Fold Polyp

Bilateral sessile vocal fold polyps (arrows) larger on the right in a female teacher. 

Phonotrauma with Reflux Laryngitis 


Prolonged and repetitive voice over-used or abuse have detrimental effect on vocal folds especially when voice projection is needed in a very noisy background.  In this video, left vocal fold polyp has formed (white arrow) with opposite vocal fold thickening seen and evidence of recent bleeding into superficial vocal fold layer (green arrow with yellowish tinge underneath the vocal folds lining on both sides).  The mucosa of arytenoids and posterior commissure appeared swollen, reddish and oedematous due to coexisting untreated reflux laryngitis (blue interrupted line).

Huge Vocal Fold Polyp Before & After Laser Surgery


In this video, a huge a obstucting vocal fold polyp is seen between the vocal folds.  It was successfully excised by using carbon dioxide (CO2) laser and his laryngeal symtoms (hoarse voice, difficulty in breathing, and throat irritations) recovered to normal. 

Excision of Laryngeal Polyp