SP- soft palate, PW- posterior pharyngeal wall,
T- tonsils, BOT- base of tongue, L- Larynx
The above figures demonstrate the pattern of velopharyngeal isthmus closure
upon Muller's manouevre. The obstruction was mostly contributed by
Watch video of complete circumferential closure with mild base of tongue prolapse upon Muller's manouevre @ YouTube
Watch video of "kissing" tonsils as seen upon Müller's manoeuvre in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome @ YouTube
Johns MW. A new method for masuring daytime sleepiness: the Epworth sleepiness scale. Sleep. 1991 Dec;14(6):540-5.
Watch another video of radiosurgery for snoring & mild OSA @ YouTube
Throat findings in a patient with severe OSA showing broad & hypertrophied uvula. Its mucosal lining is oedematous including the soft palate and tonsillar pillars.
This image shows the appearance of tonsillar fossa
after tonsillectomy performed for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA).
Palatal & oropharynx view before surgery.
Quadrangular mid-soft palate partial Palatal & oropharynx view
mucosal and soft tissue excision. at completion of surgery.
Healed post-operative view of palate showing scar line
and widened nasopharyngeal opening.
SP- soft palate, PW- posterior pharyngeal wall, stars- scar line.
An example of CPAP machine consisting of (1) pressure generator, (2) humidifier, (3) connecting flexible air conduction hose, (4) medical grade silicone nasal pads with an adjustable strap, and (5) AC power adaptor with connecting wire cable.
A close-up view of the silicone nasal pads which give a comfortable feels and fits snugly when in contact with the nasal introitus.