S- nasal septum, IT- tail of inferior turbinate, Star- adenoids
Watch video of nasal endoscopy appearance of adenoids @ YouTube
Watch video of adenoids which had caused snoring @ YouTube
Watch video of huge adenoids causing sump effect @ YouTube
70 degree endoscope view of nasopharynx showing nasopharyngeal lymphoid tissue (L) in adult (known as adenoid in children). [SP - salpingopharyngeal fold. PP - palatopharyngeal fold. arrow - right Eustachian tube opening]
Watch video of infected nasopharyngeal lymphoid tissue @ YouTube
2 different adult patients with similar infected nasopharyngeal lympohoids appearance (above and below figure).
Patchy areas of inflammation with adjacent fibrinous exudates and mucous in a patient presented with blood-stain coughs and high fever a day earlier. Lymphoid tissue of torus is affected as well. [L - nasopharyngeal lymphoids, TT - torus tubarius, IT - tail of inferior turbinate, V - vomer, SP - dorsal surface of soft palate].
Confluent fibrinous exudate overlying nasopharyngeal lymphoid tissue (+).
[V - vomer, T - torus tubarius]
Close-up view of infected nasopharyngeal lymphoids (X). (V - vomer)
This figure shows a significantly enlarged tubal/peritubal tonsils (TT). It can occurs alone or in-combination with midline postnasal lymphoid hyperplasia
and potentially contribute to eustachian tube dysfunction
or becomes a reservoir of latent infection.
[V- vomer, R- foof of nasopharynx, TT-tubal/peritubal tonsils, arrow- nasopharyngeal end of eustachian tube opening]
Nasopharyngeal lymphoid hyperplasia with peritubal tonsils.
Copious mucopus postnasal drip in a patient presenting with prolonged coughs, asthenia and blocked ear sensation complicating delayed diagnosis of sinusitis.
The endoscopic view of the same patient after the mucopus suctioned. Lymphoid hyperplasia is evident particularly at torus tubarius (TT) and superior segment of Fossa of Rosenmuller towards the nasopharyngeal roof.
Yellowish-tinge of fluid content.
Bluish-tinge of fluid content.
Co-incidental finding of nasopharyngeal cyst (star) in a patient undergoing flexible transnasal laryngoscopy for a laryngeal polyp. [TT - torus tubarius]
Watch video of nasopharyngeal cyst @ YouTube
Figure A Figure B
Figures show a large and obstructive nasopharyngeal polyp causing difficulty in breathing, hyponasal voice and snoring. Figure A - endoscopic view from right and figure B - endoscopic view from left posterior nasal cavity focusing on the implicated polyp (T). [IT - inferior turbinate, V - vomer]
The base where the pedicle of the polyp attached (arrow). View taken 48 hours after its excision. [V - vomer, R - roof of nasopharynx, TT - torus tubarius, IT - tail of right inferior turbinate.